[22], Historical buildings and mansions of the city, apart Tzini's house, include also the Prapopoulos building, Golfinopoulos mansion (Alhambra), Perivolaropoulos mansion, Palamas house, while among the demolished after WWII were Tsiklitiras mansion, Kanellopoulos house, Chaidopoulos building, Frangopoulos house, Green mansion and Mineyko mansion.[23]. Shishu Veda, Amara Kosha, Gorakha Samhita, Kalasha Chautisha, Saptan… Notable features of the Patras Carnival include its mammoth satirical floats and balls and parades, enjoyed by hundreds of thousands of visitors in a Mediterranean climate. Arthritis, removes pain  in tumors, Fruit-Pain killer, colic, Leaves-Anti inflammatory, sprain, Leaves, Seeds-Cough, Itching, tooth ache Cough, asthma, skin diseases, tooth ache, gynecological  disorder, general debility, Root- Dasmoola, Tonic, Stomachic, Astringent, Leaves, Flowers - Insect sting,  Carminative, Psoriasis , Skin eruption, Cough  & Cold, Fruit (Dried inflorescence), Rhizome - Stimulant, Carminative Asthma, cough, rheumatism, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, Root, leaves - Cough, ear-ache, dyspepsia, Leaves, Flower, Root bark- Fever, Malaria, Filaria, Cough ,Cold, rheumatism, skin diseases, diabetes, headache, Leaves- Skin disease,  Acidity, spleen & lever problem, rheumatism, skin diseases,  Cosmetics, Eemmenagogue & abdomen pain, Seed – Urinary diseases, Aphrodisiac, Tonic, heart disease, skin diseases, Seed- Carminative Stimulant, digestive, asthma, cold & cough, haemorrhoid, Fruit-Digestive, Astringent,  stimulant, urinary disorders, menorrhea, Leaves, Roots - Diabetes, cough, indigestion piles, worms, jaundice, emetic, Gum, Leaves, Bark -  Insect repellant Aromatic, Anti-obesity, Rheumatic arthritis, stimulant,  skin diseases, Stem, Root, Bark-Anti pyretic, Debility, Immuno-modulator,  Rheumatism, heart & chest diseases,  urinary & skin diseases, Leprosy, fever, cough & cold, diabetes, Stem , Leaves, seed -Bone setting, digestion, Rhizome- Jaundice, Antiseptic, Blood purifier, Antioxidant, cough, worm, Fruit-Carminative, tonic, Laxative, piles, digestive, uro-genital disorder, lever trouble, arthritis, Leave-Disinfectant Antibacterial Dysentery, Diarrhea, insect sting, swelling, Seeds- Bronchitis, Asthma, rheumatism, blood cancer. The area still retains some of its traditional winemaking and foodstuff industries as well as a small agricultural sector. The city is the seat of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Patras. Nobacco, a Greek electronic cigarette brand, works mainly with cooperation with the university of Patras. Flower& Leaves-Fever, Cold, Cough, Stomach disorder. Expansion plans have recently been completed. Stem- Fever, Cold, Diuretic, Nervine tonic Fever, Rheumatism, Jaundice, Nervous system, Piles, Cough, Wood- Diabetes, haemostatic, , skin disease, arthritis, psoriasis, Root, Fruit-Tonic, Appetizer, Analgesic, Cough, Cold, asthma, piles,   rheumatism, Leaves, seed- Digestive diuretic, mouth & teeth diseases, anti septic, stimulant, cold & cough, Seed- Carminative, Skin disease, Ripe fruit-Laxative, Leaves-Diuretic, Jaundice, Nephritic syndrome Blood purifier, joint pain, leucorrhoea, Root(Dasamula)- Cough, prolapsed anus Whole plant- Fracture, Flower-Mild sedative, Antispasmodic, Emmenagogue & Febrifuge, Heart wood- Anti inflammatory, Febrifuge, Tonic,   headache, skin diseases, boils, Root - External application Rheumatism,  Leprosy, Syphilis , Gynecological problems,  Cough, Leave, Seed- Rheumatism, cough, Nervine tonic, Tuber-Stimulant, Expectorant, Carminative Asthma, heart diseases, sore throat, rheumatism, antibacterial, Fruit-Anti epileptic fits, Ant asthmatic, heart disease, RUKUNAA                         HATAPOCHAA, Leaves-Digestive, Gynecological  disorder, Liver stimulant, Kidney stone, Latex- Asthma, Bronchitis, Antiseptic, Astringent, Leaves - Chronic fever, Snake bite,  Leprosy, Tonic, Whole plant-Tranquilizer, Anxiety, Neurosis, Brain tonic insanity, epilepsy,  insomnia, Wood- Diabetes, Antihelmintic, Antileportic, Astringent, Flower- Applied over swelling, Expectorant. Its main economic activities include retailing, logistics, financial and public sector services. In the Roman period, it had become a cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to the Christian tradition, it was also the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom. The highway connection with Athens and Pyrgos is to be greatly upgraded. Venice and Genoa attacked and captured it several times in the 15th and 16th centuries, but never re-established their rule effectively, except for a period of Venetian rule in 1687–1715 after the Morean War.[9]. Patras suffered a severe problem of deindustrialization in the late 1980s and 1990s when a number of major productive units shut down in successive order. Mythology has it that after the Dorian invasion, a group of Achaeans from Laconia led by the eponymous Patreus established a colony. The new city was planned under the supervision of Stamatis Voulgaris following orders by Ioannis Kapodistrias. Heavy infrastructure works performed in the 2000s include the Peiros-Parapeiros dam (to provide water supply for Patras and surrounding towns)[29] and a "small industries" park that will be constructed next to the Glaykos river and provide an easy connection with the new port. Ferries to Italy now dock there. Oriya traditional words. 1505011103231st sangita das - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Root, Leaves – Swelling, Gynecological disorders, Bark - Uterine disorders, Bleeding piles, leucorrhoea, menorrhea, gynecological disorders, fever,  fracture. [2] The core settlement has a history spanning four millennia. Bark-Carminative, Expectorant Stimulant, digestive, cough, bleeding, pain, tuberculosis. In the early 20th century, Patras developed fast and became the first Greek city to introduce public streetlights and electrified tramways. The flag raised by Andreas Londos in Patras at the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence. Autumn in Patras, however, is wetter than spring. Another large Greek IT company, Unisystems announced recently (October 2018) the signing of a cooperation agreement with the Patras-based IT company Knowledge SA, that lays the foundation for the establishment of a Remote Development Center in Patras.[47]. Patras was one of the first cities in which the Greek Revolution began in 1821;[10] the Ottoman garrison, confined to the citadel, held out until 1828. The largest river in the area is the Glafkos, flowing to the south of Patras. [57] With the completion of the Capital of Culture programme, a part of the old Ladopoulos factory was renovated to host exhibitions, a small theatre (named the Art Factory), was built and a number of neoclassical buildings around the city were renovated as part of a plan to preserve the city's architectural heritage and link it to its cultural life. Patras and NO Patras are historically the major sports clubs based in the city, specialising in football, basketball, volleyball and water polo. A replica of Patras Lighthouse, the city's emblematic old lighthouse – which was at the dock of Ayios Nikolaos – rises at the end of Trion Navarchon street, near the temple of Saint Andreas. The city has hosted several international sports events, such as the 1995 Basketball Under-19 World Cup (preliminaries), the 1995 Men's European Volleyball Championship (preliminaries), the 1997 Rhythmic Gymnastics European Championships, the 2001 World Wrestling Championships, the EuroBasket 2003 Women, the 2003 International Children's Games, a group stage of the football tournament in the 2004 Olympic Games, the 2007 World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships, the 2008 World Deaf Football Championships and the 2019 Mediterranean Beach Games. Patras hosts several timber manufacturing companies, and a wood distribution center of Shelman. The older upper section (Ano Poli) covers the area of the pre-modern settlement, around the Fortress, on what is the last elevation of Mount Panachaikon (1,926 m (6,319 ft))[4] before the Gulf of Patras. Pasaruni Bara : Pasaruni Patra - 5 bunch Chawal - 250g Chopped Onion - 1Cup The paper sector is also active including a paper factory belonging to Georgia-Pacific (Delica) and two important Greek companies, Elite and El-pack, headquartered in the city. Forest Work Experience 2015-16 1 | P a g e 1 STUDY OF FRUIT CROP IN CHES, AIGINIA, BBSR Date- 8th Sept 2015 Teacher- Sri. [43], Intracom (Greece's largest multinational provider of telecommunications products) facilities in Patras house the offices of Telecommunications Software Development, Terminal Equipment Design, Development Programmes, and Support Services divisions. There is a district of the city named Evreomnimata, where the old Jewish cemetery was located. ", "WESTPOINT - Mια αρχιτεκτονική βόλτα στην Πάτρα", Αρχιτεκτονικοί θησαυροί της Πάτρας που έγιναν πολυκατοικίες, "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. As in the rest of the country, the largest denomination is the Orthodox Church, which represents the majority of the population. The construction works are currently (2018) in progress close to the suburbs of Patras, but the remaining few Kilometres till the city centre and the new port are still under study because of various financial and technical problems. Another company that maintains an R&D center in Patras is Dialog Semiconductor, a UK-based manufacturer of semiconductor-based system solutions. On the obverse is the logo for Patras 2006 around the words "European Capital of Culture". There also exists two smaller state hospitals, Karamandanio - a children's hospital, and the Center of Chest Diseases of Southwestern Greece. These former municipalities, which became municipal units, are: (in parenthesis their population, 2011)[1][24], The municipality has an area of 334.858 km2 (129 sq mi), the municipal unit 125.420 km2 (48 sq mi).[25]. Since 2014, mayor of the city is Kostas Peletidis. During the 19th century many neoclassical buildings were constructed in the city. [64] A mini ring road (known as the "Mini bypass" of Patras) is now being constructed to alleviate heavy traffic-related problems in the city centre. Patras is also a pilot city of the Council of Europe and EU Intercultural cities programme. In the Axis occupation period, a German military command was established and German and Italian troops stationed in the city. Stem bark, fruit, root -Febrifugal, Antdiuretic Blood dysentery, sun stroke, thirst in fever, urine problem,  renal & cystic calculi, aphrodisiac, complexion promoter, galactogogue, Flower, while plant -Astringent, Cardiac tonic, Tonic for general debility, aphrodisiac, skin diseases, habitual abortion, Leaves/ whole plant- Insect sting, Cough & cold, Febrifuge, Skin diseases, Stimulant, Diaphoretic, Anthelmintic & Jaundice, Fruit- Worm infection & skin diseases, Jaundice, insanity, epilepsy, fistula, Bark, Flower-Skin disease, Tonsillitis,  Obesity Anthelmintic, , bleeding, wounds, cough, Leave ,Root-Emetic, Ear disease,  insect sting, cardiac tonic, Root- Cough, fever,  skin diseases, aphrodisiac, Roots, Leave-Anti-inflammatory, Acne, skin disease, insect sting, Hemorrhoids, Antifungal, Latex- Diarrhea, Carminative Inflammation, rheumatism, laxative, stomach-ache, tumors & boils, aphrodisiac, Leaves, Seeds -Spasmolytic, Anti bacterial Fever, Skin diseases, Cough, Vomiting, to increase sweat, Bark-Astringent, Analgesic Stimulant, Purgative, Skin diseases,  Emmenagogue & Febrifuge, Bark, flower, leaves, latex -  Purgative, Skin diseases, Tooth ache, Aphrodisiac, Bark - Purgative, Skin diseases, Tooth ache, Aphrodisiac, Bark, Heart wood-Astringent, Blood purifier Conjunctivitis, Stomach ache, DiarrheaPharyngitis, Digestive, Haemostatic, Tonic, Skin diseases, Diarrhea, Seeds, bark- Nervine tonic, CNS stimulant , Fever,  arthritis,  colic pain, Whole plant-Cough, Fever, stimulant, laxative, Leaves, Flower, Bark-Burn, Diuretic, emetic, ulcer, laxative, Bark-  Astringent, Diarrhea , Dysentery rheumatism, skin diseases, Bark,Fruit -  Astringent,Skin erruption , Bronchitis, Fruit bud- Tooth ache, Carminative, Anti emetic digestive, stimulant, cough & cold. The city hosts many museums, including the Patras Archaeological Museum the History and Ethnology Museum, the Folk Art Museum, the Press Museum and the Technology Museum, the latter in the campus of Patras University. Patras is 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens by road, 94 km (58 mi) northeast of Pyrgos, 7 km (4.3 mi) south of Rio, 134 km (83 miles) west of Corinth, 77 km (48 miles) northwest of Kalavryta and 144 km (89 mi) northwest of Tripoli. National Statistical Service of Greece. The city is also a host to the FORTH-ICE-HT (Institute of Chemical Engineering & High Temperature Chemical Processes)[52] and the Institute of Biomedical Technology. Welcome to our Department Of Botany, Banki Autonomous College, Banki, Cuttack, Odisha-754008 webpage. Though Mehmet granted the city special privileges and tax reductions, it never became a major centre of commerce. The architectural heritage of the city is dominated by neo-classicism, but also includes structures from other periods. It became the seat of the Barony of Patras, and its Latin archbishop primate of the principality. Later on, and following the Roman occupation of Greece in 146 BC, Patras played a key role, and Augustus refounded the city as a Roman colony in the area. The economy of the city largely depends on its service sector. Bleeding from nose, ulcers, leucoderma,  diarrhea, dysentery, diabetes, Leaves – Antiseptic, haemostatic, used for Epitasis,  fever, high blood pressure, diarrhea, dysentery, vomiting, nervine tonic, urinary disorder, Leaves, Seeds, Flower - Cerebral depressant, Anti asthmatic. Ethnobotanical study was carried out in the coastal districts of Odisha during 2010-2011 to document the medicinal utility of plants. Surrender of Patras to General Schneider by Hippolyte Lecomte. The house where Kostis Palamas and Matilde Serao were born. [11] The city benefited from its role as the main export port for the agricultural produce of the Peloponnese.[12]. Tzini's house (1832), Maisonos & Agiou Nikolaou street, Villa Crove at the old English (Egglezika) district of Patras, Entrance of Agios Nikolaos (Bala) Monastery (Paleomonastiro), Patra. In the past regional rail links were provided by the Hellenic Railways Organisation, connecting Patras to Athens and Piraeus as well as to Pyrgos and Kalamata. [61] In 2011, this port went into operation. The following list presents demographic data on the municipality of Patras over the years 2012. The Patras Carnival (Patrino Karnavali) is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe, with a heritage reaching back 160 years. This is the result of an interplay between natural geography and human settlement patterns; the lower section of the city (Kato Poli), which includes the 19th-century urban core and the port, is adjacent to the sea and stretches between the estuaries of the rivers of Glafkos and Haradros. [14] More specifically, the main sights of the city are: As a part of the 2006 European Capital of Culture programme, there was a project for the restoration of the city's architectural heritage. Leaves, seed -Bruises, wounds, boils and burns, indigestion. The neoclassical Apollo Theatre, a work of Ernst Ziller, is next to the modernist building of the Hall of Literature and Art (Μέγαρο Λόγου και Τέχνης). A number of research facilities are also established in the university campus area. Old Odia (3rd century BC): The earliest evidence of old Odia is found in the 3rd century BC Ashoka edit of Dhauli and 1st century BC Hathigumpha inscription.The old colloquial literature is the Charyapada, poetry written in an Apabhra?sa ancestral to Odia, Bengali, Assamese and Maithili. 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